Sunday, March 19, 2023

Article | Relation Between Climate Change & Human Rights | Dr (Ms) Sharad Singh | Central Chronicle

Relation Between Climate Change & Human Rights
     -    Dr (Ms) Sharad Singh
Writer, Author & Social Activist
Blogger - "Climate Diary Of Dr (Ms) Sharad Singh"

*Both are burning topics - climate change and human rights. Is any relation between both topics? Yes we can say it that human life depends on their climate. But not only one relation is. Climate and human life relates in many ways. So, if there is climate gets harmful changes, human life get serious changes automatically. In the other words we can say that climate change not good for human life and his rights.*

Patna Buzurg is a small village in Sagar district of Madhya Pradesh. While passing through that village, I got a chance to see the beauty of the small farms on both sides of the road. Mid March and overcast skies, strong chance of rain. The weather was lovely to visit. I saw that crop of wheat in the fields which was ripe and ready at some places, and at some places it was half-ripe. The farmers were not able to harvest their crops which looked ripe. At the same time, greenness was clearly visible in the half-ripe ears of wheat. There was still time for them to ripen. Looking at those crops, I was worried that what would happen to these crops if it rains heavily? And if hail falls somewhere, then this crop will be completely destroyed. I shudder even thinking about it. I was looking at the land there. I could not even imagine how much effort the farmers must have put in to make the rocky land cultivable. Not everyone can understand the hard work of the farmer who makes the stony land of the old forest cultivable. The crop which was seen flourishing in front of me under the impending crisis of the weather, must have taken tireless labor and capital of the farmers to grow it. Some small farmers may have had to invest their entire capital. They will hope that when a good harvest comes, they will get their capital back with a profit. But will this hope be fulfilled due to the unexpected change in weather? In fact, I am scared to even think about it.
       There was a time when I was in field journalism. During that period, I had visited weather-affected farms in Madhya Pradesh's Panna district with a group of leaders and officials. In those days there were not so many changes in the weather, yet I had seen gram and wheat plants breaking and mixing in the soil. Those memories still scare me. I don't want to see such scenes anymore because a crop is not only the life of a farmer, but also cures the hunger of every person and strengthens the country's economy.
Getting food and water to stay alive is the first right of a human being. So if the cycle of crops is being affected due to climate change. If crops are getting damaged due to sudden change of weather, then man will not be able to get his first and primary right to get food. This is also one of the reasons behind promoting the production of coarse grains so that the availability of the crop remains in the changing climate. Farmers are being motivated to adopt varieties of crops which require less water to grow and which can be grown two or three times in a year. So that the availability of the crop remains and no one has to go hungry.
The bitter reality is Poverty-related causes account for about one-third of human deaths each year. This situation will only get worse in the future due to the increasing impact of climate change. The proportion of women and girls is also high among the poor, due to which they are more vulnerable to the problem. For example, in rural India, it is especially the responsibility of women to provide food and water. Therefore, the effects of climate change on land yields, water availability and food security have a direct impact on women. That is, at the age when girls should concentrate on their studies and childhood activities, they have to bring water from distant reservoirs to their homes. When a pregnant woman or child is in need of rest, she has to carry pitchers of water on her head. Even though the state governments dig tube wells, but due to the changes in climate and weather, the water level is falling every year. Where on one hand this situation is hurting the human rights of women, on the other hand it is also increasing the threat to the primary right of man to drinking water.
Even though the effects of climate are slowly becoming common to us, the natural disasters and extreme weather events caused by climate change are already wreaking havoc on those populations and will increase in the coming times. So, while international climate negotiations must focus on protecting the environment and saving natural resources for future generations, it is also important that they address the immediate development challenge of at-risk populations around the world. Don't bet. For this, it is necessary that the debate on climate change is focused on equity, access to energy and partnership. Development is not only an economic and social necessity, it is also the best solution adopted regarding climate change. In order to protect the fundamental human rights to life, health and livelihood of vulnerable populations, it is imperative that we promote development that enhances the resilience of such special groups and their assets, while at the same time Only he could successfully implement climate change measures.
Indeed, climate change is one of the greatest threats to human rights of our generation, posing a serious threat to the fundamental rights to life, health, food and an adequate standard of living of individuals and communities around the world. In this year, in February 2023, while addressing the International Conference on Climate Change and Human Rights-Impacts and Responsibilities held in Doha, Qatar, Justice Shri Arun Mishra, President of National Human Rights Commission, NHRC, India, told all countries that greenhouse gases Human-induced growth is causing climate change which raises serious concerns about human rights. It is unfair to expect developing countries to strictly follow the same emission standards. They often require more resources and technology. To accomplish this, the global community has to give priority to technology transfer capacity building. Justice Mishra said that an inclusive climate change action involves formulating policies that are fair and accessible and equitable. This requires prioritizing the needs and perspectives of all stakeholders, including the most vulnerable and marginalized.
     In fact we have to understand the interrelationship between climate change and human rights and make government and personal plans accordingly. Because whether we believe it or not, human rights have started eroding due to climate change and it is necessary to stop this erosion.
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